On April 30, 1970, President Richard Nixon appeared on national television to announce the invasion of Cambodia by the United States, and the need to draft 150,000 more soldiers for the war effort. This caused major uproar and protests on campuses throughout the US. On May 4th, 1970, less than a week after Nixon’s announcement, a protest was planned to be held at Kent State University in Ohio at noon. University officials attempted to stop the rally from happening, by handing out papers saying it had been cancelled, but 2,000 people showed up on Kent State campus. Students launched the demonstration anyway and began making speeches. The Ohio National Guard who was on campus grounds began attempting to disperse the crowd by threatening to make arrests, but the students stood their ground and began yelling and throwing rocks at the guards. Nearly twenty minutes after the demonstration had begun, the guards began advancing toward the protesters, with rifles and tear gas in hand. Much of the crowd dispersed, but many stood their ground. Shortly after, as the crowd moved into smaller groups, the guard began shooting at the students. The shots killed four, and injured nine. Many students were in a state of shock and terror immediately after the shooting. After pictures of the students that were shot on campus were released in newspapers following the killings, the unrest among the country escalated even further. After the Kent State shootings, almost five hundred colleges were shut down or disrupted by protests. Many see the Kent State shootings as a major turning point for the United States involvement in the Vietnam War.